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The Ministry of Economic Development sent the Long-term Development Strategy with Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions to 2050 to the federal executive authorities for approval. The document was developed in accordance with Government Decree No. 2344-r dated 03/11/2016.
The full version of the draft Strategy is published on the Ministry's official website. Suggestions and comments are accepted until April 10, 2020 at the following email address: email@example.com.
The Strategy is aimed at ensuring Russia's transition to diversified economic development with low greenhouse gas emissions.
Two main scenarios of low-carbon development are provided, a basic one and an intensive one.
The basic scenario provides for a large-scale increase in the energy efficiency of the Russian economy, ensuring full forest regeneration, expansion of forest protection areas and a significant reduction in clear-cutting.
Development according to the basic scenario would reduce the carbon intensity of Russian GDP relative to the current level by 9% by 2030 and by 48% by 2050. The target value of greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 equals 2/3 of the 1990 level, while the previous target value equalled 3/4 of the same level. The basic scenario provides for the development of a regulatory framework and a methodological base necessary for the technological transformation of the economy, the introduction of national regulation on greenhouse gas emissions and the creation of a climate monitoring system.
The transition to an intensive low-carbon development scenario would allow Russia to achieve carbon neutrality in the second half of the 21st century, nearer to its end. This scenario provides for an increase in electrical power generation on the basis of renewable energy sources, as well as large-scale electrification and digitalization of transport and technological processes in various industries, ban on clear-cutting and almost complete coverage of forests with fire protection.